Some neurological disorders may be likely to require surgery, for example:
brain and spinal vascular malformations,
and spinal tumors.
Nowadays due to technological advances there is no area of the brain that cannot be reached, that is, any intracranial lesion is suitable for surgical treatment. The neurosurgeon treats problems such as tumors, hydrocephalus, aneurysms, brain biopsies, movement disorders, etc.
One of the most common disorders of the spine is the root compression, also known as sciatica.
Sciatica is a cramping type pain.
which is caused by the compression of a nerve in the lumbar spine, may be originated in the lower part of the back and characteristically runs through the buttock and the entire leg reaching the foot. It can become disabling and sometimes surgery is needed to solve it. The most frequent cause of this condition is an intervertebral disc hernia.
Spinal tumors can be originated in a person's own nervous tissue like the nerves and spinal cord or in adjacent structures such as the vertebrae, compromising the normal function of the nervous system.
Some spine disorders require surgery and stabilization with attachments such as rods and screws, or other type of implants. Currently, there is a variety in the management of spine surgery and results can be excellent by properly selecting the patient and treatment to undergo. In the last 15 years spine surgery has taken a dramatic turn and those stories about being a month in bed… are just that, stories.